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About Breast Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
Breast cancer treatment in Türkiye is carried out reliably in most hospitals by expert surgeons with advancing technology. Although cancer is known as the most dangerous disease in the world, these fears have decreased with the gradual development of technology and medical science in Türkiye. In addition, with the increase in medical tourism, patients can be treated wherever they trust and want. As a result of this situation, mortality rates decrease significantly.
Breast cancer is the formation of a tumor when abnormal cells in the breast begin to grow and divide uncontrollably. Breast cancer begins in the breast tissue, most commonly in the cells lining the milk ducts of the breast. There are different types of breast cancer. The type of breast cancer depends on which cells in the breast turn into cancer.
Breast cancer can begin in different areas of the breast. A breast is made up of three main areas: lobules, ducts, and connective tissue. The lobules are the glands that produce milk, the ducts are tubes that carry milk to the nipple and the connective tissue surrounds and holds everything together. Breast cancers usually begin in the ducts or lobules.
To undergo breast cancer treatment in Türkiye, you can use the services of the Healthy Türkiye company. At Healthy Türkiye, we are engaged in medical tourism and organize treatment for patients from different countries in the best hospitals in the world. When booking a treatment in Turkish hospitals via Healthy Türkiye, you will receive many benefits such as the selection of the best hospital specializing in the treatment of breast cancer and demonstrating the best results in this field of oncology.
Breast Cancer Treatment Process in Türkiye
Breast cancer treatment in Türkiye patients with cancer often visits Turkish hospitals to undergo treatment for breast cancer. Turkish oncologists provide breast cancer treatment not only for locals but also for citizens of foreign countries. Türkiye has well-developed medical tourism. Hundreds of thousands of patients come to Türkiye annually in order to improve their health. About 45% of foreign citizens visit Turkish hospitals for cancer treatment.
In Türkiye, doctors achieve huge success in breast cancer treatment at all stages. The following treatment measure can be carried out here: cancer surgeries, allowing not only to cure cancer but also to maintain the attractiveness of the breast; genetic testing to determine the molecular and biological subtypes of the tumor and selection of the optimal treatment; comprehensive therapy using surgical methods, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy and targeted therapy; modern methods of irradiation, 3D conformal radiation therapy, intensity-modulated radiation therapy.
The treatment in Türkiye is not only effective but also safe. Turkish hospitals specializing in cancer treatment apply various measures to reduce side effects due to systemic cancer treatment. These include: drugs are used for the elimination of side effects; chemotherapy agents are prescribed in turn, but not simultaneously; hormone, radiation, and targeted therapy are not used simultaneously with chemotherapy.
It is known that breast cancer is a very common type of cancer in Türkiye. About 1 in 8 women will get breast cancer in their lifetime. Although breast cancer can have more than one symptom, the first noticeable symptom is usually a lump or area of thickened breast tissue. Individuals and their doctors should regularly check for any changes in the tender spot of the breast.
Surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and targeted methods are used in the treatment of breast cancer in Türkiye. The surgical solution carries a warning of an attack against breast cancer. Decisions about surgery depend on factors such as the stage of cancer which are an important component of breast cancer treatment.
Although breast cancer is a type of cancer that is mostly seen in women, it can also be seen very rarely in men. Healthy Türkiye’s surgeons, who are experts in the field of breast cancer and all other diseases, will always help with early diagnosis and the fastest treatment.
Breast Cancer Procedure in Türkiye
Breast cancer treatment is one of the most comprehensive methods applied in all countries, including Türkiye. The breast cancer treatment process is carried out by many oncologists and specialist surgeons in different departments in Türkiye.
There is no definite duration for breast cancer treatment in Türkiye. Cancer symptoms may be earlier in some people and later in others. In addition, the treatment process and course continue differently for each patient in Türkiye. Healthy Türkiye specialist surgeons to determine the diagnosis of breast cancer, the stage of your cancer, and the treatment, and recovery process.
Breast cancer surgery procedures are performed with a mastectomy to remove the entire breast and a lumpectomy to remove part of the breast tissue. Breast cancer surgery depends largely on the size and stage of cancer, as well as other treatment options available. Related types of reconstruction are breast reconstruction with flap surgery, breast reconstruction with implants, lumpectomy, and mastectomy. The purpose of breast cancer surgery is to destroy cancerous cells in the breast.
Breast Cancer Symptoms
It is very important to be aware of the breast so that you can notice any changes as soon as possible. Not every breast pain is a sign of cancer. However, if you have any of the following symptoms, you should go to a specialist doctor. The first symptoms of breast cancer that most women notice are:
Fluid discharge from any of the nipples
A new lump or area of thickened tissue in both breasts that were not there before
Change in the shape and size of either or both breasts
Lump or swelling in one of your armpits
Change in the appearance or feel of the skin, such as wrinkling, redness, pitting
Redness, crusting, scaly, itchy skin, such as eczema, on or around the nipple
Change in the appearance of the nipple, such as stinging into the breast
In the case of more aggressive breast cancer called inflammatory breast cancer, severe redness and itching may be present. The patients are advised to contact their physician as soon as they notice any of the symptoms of breast cancer. The doctor is the best person to diagnose whether it is normal or inflammatory best cancer, and accordingly, suggest treatment for breast cancer.
Breast Cancer Causes
Some studies have shown that your risk for breast cancer is due to a combination of factors. The main factors that influence your risk include being a woman and getting older. Breast cancers generally are found in women who are 50 years old or older. Some women will get breast cancer even without any other risk factors. Having a risk factor does not mean you will get the disease, and not all risk factors have the same effect. Certain factors can increase the risk of breast cancer. However, having any of these risk factors does not mean that you will undoubtedly get breast cancer.
Age: The risk of developing breast cancer increases with age. All women between the ages of 50 and 70 should undergo breast cancer screening every 3 years, as it is more common in menopausal women over the age of 50.
Family history: If you have family members with breast cancer or ovarian cancer, you may be at higher risk of developing breast cancer. The genes known as BRCA1 and BRCA2 increase the risk of both breast and ovarian cancer and parent-to-child transmission, although most breast cancers do not appear in family members. and CHEK2 genes are also linked to an increased risk of breast cancer.
Previous breast cancer or lump: People who have had previous breast cancer or early non-invasive cancer cell changes in the breast ducts are at higher risk of developing cancer in the same or other breasts again. Some benign changes in breast tissue, such as abnormally growing cells in the ducts, atypical ductal hyperplasia, abnormal cells in your breast lobes, and lobular carcinoma in situ, may increase the chance of developing breast cancer again.
Dense breast tissue: The breast consists of a milk-producing lobule, a tiny gland. This glandular tissue contains a higher concentration of breast cells than other breast tissue, making it denser. Women with dense breast tissue may be at higher risk of developing breast cancer as more cells can become cancerous, and because the area of abnormal tissue is difficult to maybe difficult to see on a mammogram scan.
Hormones and hormone drugs: The ovaries, where the eggs are stored, begin to produce estrogen to regulate the menstrual period when puberty is entered. The estrogen produced may increase the risk of breast cancer, depending on the amount the body is exposed to. At the same time, birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy greatly increase the risk of breast cancer.
Lifestyle factors: Alcohol consumption and being overweight after menopause increase the risk of developing breast cancer.
Radiation: Some medical procedures that use radiation, such as X-rays and CT scans, increase the risk of developing breast cancer.
If you have breast cancer risk factors, can talk with Healthy Türkiye’s doctor about ways you can lower your risk and about screening for breast cancer.
Diagnosis for Breast Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
If women in Türkiye have symptoms of breast symptoms, they are examined by a specialist doctor and a situation analysis is made with some tests. If the test result shows that the breast cancer condition is positive, the diagnosis stage called staging is started with different tests to find out how big it is and whether it has spread.
Seeing a GP: You should see your doctor if you notice any changes that are not normal for you or if you have any of the possible signs and symptoms of cancer.
Tests for Breast Cancer Treatment
Mammography and Breast Ultrasound: Breast ultrasound scanning is preferred for people under the age of 35. This is because younger women have denser breasts, meaning a mammogram is not as effective as an ultrasound at detecting cancer. A breast ultrasound detects the inside of the breasts with high-frequency sound waves to create an image of any lumps or abnormalities and whether they are solid or liquid.
Fine Needle Aspiration (FNAS): It is the removal of cells from the breast tissue with a fine needle and syringe. Then the samples are examined under a microscope.
Needle Biopsy: A tissue sample is taken from a lump in the chest using a large needle, with local anesthesia only after the chest is numb. The sample taken is examined under a microscope to determine whether there is another breast cancer such as cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS).
Vacuum Assisted Biopsy: MIBB, also known as mammotoma biopsy. In the biopsy, a sample is taken during the procedure and a needle is inserted into a soft suction tube that helps clean up any bleeding in the area.
Breast MRI scan: MRI, which stands for magnetic resonance imaging, is a scan that usually takes about an hour and a half in the X-ray department. It uses magnetism and radio waves to create cross-sectional pictures of the body. It produces images from angles all over the body and shows soft tissues very clearly.
Advanced Testing for Breast Cancer Treatment
If the diagnosis of breast cancer is confirmed, more detailed tests are done to determine the stage and grade of cancer and the best course of treatment.
Scans and X-rays: A CT scan, chest X-ray, and liver ultrasound scan are done to check if the cancer has spread. An MRI scan is performed when necessary for condition analysis of the breast. If your surgeon is considering the possibility of spreading to the bones, additional testing may be ordered for this.
Test on Breast Cancer Cells
After a biopsy or surgery to remove the breast tissue, the cells are sent to the laboratory and the pathologist performs various tests on them. This can diagnose cancer and show what type of cancer it is. Some tests also show how well hormone treatments or anti-cancer drugs are working during the treatment process.
Hormone Receptor Tests: Breast cancer may have receptors for the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. Cancers with estrogen receptors are called estrogen receptor ER-positive (ER+) breast cancer. About 75% of every 100 breast cancer patients are estrogen receptor-positive and block the stimulation of cells to grow. Those with estrogen receptor ER-negative (ER-) breast cancer have very low levels of estrogen receptors or no estrogen receptors.
Early detection is key to achieving treatment success in breast cancer. At Healthy Türkiye, our ability to identify breast cancer at an early stage is enhanced by our cutting-edge breast imaging program, which utilizes the most advanced MRI technology to find tumors that conventional approaches such as ultrasound can miss.
Breast Cancer Stages
Once breast cancer is diagnosed, your surgeon will stage the treatment process. The stage is used to define the size and extent of cancer and determine its shape. Ductal carcinoma in situ is sometimes described as stage 0. Other stages of breast cancer define invasive breast cancer and include:
Stage 1: The point where the tumor is smaller than 2 cm and does not affect the lymph nodes in the armpit. There is no indication that cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
Stage 2: The lymph nodes in the armpit, where the tumor is between 2 and 5 cm, are affected. There is no indication that cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
Stage 3: The tumor is between 2 and 5 cm. It may adhere to the skin or surrounding tissues in the breast, and the lymph nodes in the armpit are affected. There is no indication that cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
Stage 4: The tumor is of indeterminate size and the cancer has metastasized to other parts of the body.
Each stage is divided into other categories: A, B, and C. When you do not know what stage you are in, the specialist surgeon should be consulted.
Breast Cancer Types
There are many different types of breast cancer, defined by certain characteristics that affect how cancer behaves, where it starts to grow, and how much it has grown or spread.
Invasive Breast Cancer
Breast cancer means that it has spread invasively into the surrounding breast tissue. The two most common types of invasive breast cancer are defined by where in the breast it begins to grow:
Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC): An invasive breast cancer that starts in the milk ducts, which are the tubes that carry milk from the lobules to the nipple. It is the most common type of breast cancer and approximately 80% of all breast cancers are invasive ductal carcinomas.
Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC): An invasive breast cancer that begins in the lobules, which are the milk-producing glands in the breast. It is the second most common type of breast cancer and approximately 10% of all invasive breast cancers are invasive lobular carcinomas.
Some types of invasive breast cancer have characteristics that affect how they develop and how they are treated:
Triple Negative Breast Cancer: It is an aggressive type of invasive breast cancer that tests negative for estrogen receptors and progesterone receptors and does not have extra HER2 proteins. About 12% of all invasive breast cancers are triple negative.
Inflammatory Breast Cancer: It is a rare and aggressive type of invasive breast cancer.
Stage IV Breast Cancer (Metastatic): It is invasive breast cancer that metastasizes to parts of the body distant from the breast, such as the bones, liver, lungs, or brain. Breast cancer can recur in another part of the body months or years after treatment, but some people are initially diagnosed with metastatic disease.
Recurrent Breast Cancer: Invasive breast cancer that occurs months or years after treatment. Breast cancer can recur as a local recurrence, regional recurrence, or distant recurrence.
Man Breast Cancer: Although it is a very rare condition, less than 1% of all breast cancers are diagnosed in men. Most male breast cancers are invasive ductal carcinomas.
Paget’s Disease of the Breast: It is a rare type of cancer cells that collect in or around the nipple.
Non-Invasive Breast Cancer
It is the spread of non-invasive breast cancer beyond the breast tissue where it started. Non-invasive breast cancer is defined as precancers and there are two main types of non-invasive breast cancer:
Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS): It is non-invasive breast cancer that does not spread beyond the milk ducts where it started. DCIS is not life-threatening, but is considered a precursor to invasive breast cancer and increases the risk of developing invasive breast cancer later in life. Approximately 16% of all breast cancer diagnoses are DCIS.
Lobular Carcinoma In Situ (LCIS): It is non-invasive breast cancer that does not spread beyond the lobules where it started. LCIS is benign and not complete breast cancer.
Types of Breast Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
In Türkiye’s breast cancer treatment, different types of doctors include medical oncologists, surgeons, and radiation oncologists. They often work together to create an overall treatment plan that may combine different types of treatments to treat breast cancer, this is called a multidisciplinary team. Breast cancer care teams include a variety of other healthcare professionals, such as palliative care experts, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, oncology nurses, social workers, pharmacists, counselors, dietitians, physical therapists, and others.
Treatment options and recommendations depend on various factors, including the breast cancer type and stage of cancer, possible side effects, and the patient’s preferences and overall health. Breast cancer treatment may affect older adults in different ways. More information on the specific effects of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy on older patients should be contacted Healthy Türkiye. Talk with Healthy Türkiye’s expert surgeons about the goals of each treatment, the likelihood that the treatment will work, and what you can expect while receiving the treatment.
Breast cancer treatment in Türkiye is carried out with different methods depending on the stage and degree of cancer, general health status, and whether the patient has entered menopause.
Surgery for Breast Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
Breast cancer surgery can be performed in two ways. Breast-conserving surgery, in which the cancerous lump is removed first, and mastectomy, in which the entire breast is removed, in most cases, mastectomy or reconstructive surgery is used to reconstruct a breast.
Mastectomy: It is the removal of all breast tissue, including the nipple.
Reconstruction: Breast reconstruction is surgery to create a new breast shape that looks like the other breast.
Lymph Node Surgery: A sentinel lymph node biopsy is done to diagnose whether cancer has spread.
Breast-Conserving Surgery: It is the removal of up to a quarter of the breast through a lumpectomy or wide local excision, in which the tumor and small breast tissue around it are removed.
Non-Surgical Breast Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
Radiotherapy: Different types of radiotherapy, such as breast, breast augmentation, chest wall, and lymph nodes, are the treatment depending on which breast cancer is undergone and the type of surgery performed.
Tamoxifen: Tamoxifen treatment, taken daily as a tablet or liquid, stops estrogen from binding to estrogen receptor-positive cancer cells.
Chemotherapy: If there is a large tumor in the breast or if it has spread to the surrounding tissue, you can start to receive chemotherapy treatment before the surgery. Although chemotherapy is a tiring process, chemotherapy treatment is performed every two to four weeks under the control of the surgeon in order to prevent the spread of cancer cells to other parts of the body after the surgery with drug treatment.
Hormone Therapy: Some breast cancers begin to grow by the naturally occurring hormones estrogen or progesterone in the body. Although the post-operative situation varies from person to person, estrogen and progesterone levels fall or come to a standstill thanks to the five years of hormone therapy recommended by surgeons.
Aromatase Inhibitors: Women who have gone through menopause are advised to take an aromatase inhibitor medication. This medication blocks aromatase, a substance that helps the body produce estrogen after menopause.
Living with Breast Cancer
Diagnosing patients living with breast cancer can positively change their quality of life. First of all, Healthy Türkiye’s surgeons and nurses in Türkiye will support you both medically and psychologically. Breast cancer treatment progresses differently for every man. So the best support methods are the ones you feel good about.
During breast cancer treatment, patients can continue their daily lives if their symptoms are not very severe. In addition, spending time with family and friends can be among these options. The activities of patients with breast cancer vary according to the person and the treatment process. After detailed discussions with the experts, you can proceed without any question marks in your mind.
2023 Cost of Breast Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
All types of medical attention like breast cancer treatment are very affordable in Türkiye. Many factors are also included in determining the cost of breast cancer treatment in Türkiye. Your process with Healthy Türkiye will last from the time you decide to have breast cancer treatment in Türkiye until the time you are fully recovered even if you are back home. The exact breast cancer treatment procedure cost in Türkiye depends on the type of operation involved.
The cost of breast cancer treatment in Türkiye does not demonstrate many variations in 2023. Compared to costs in developed countries like the United States or the UK, breast cancer treatment costs in Türkiye are relatively low. So, it’s no wonder patients from across the world visit Türkiye for breast cancer treatment procedures. However, the price is not the only factor affecting choices. We suggest looking for hospitals that are safe and have breast cancer treatment reviews on Google. When people decide to seek medical help for breast cancer treatment, they will not only have low-cost procedures in Türkiye, but also the safest and best treatment.
At clinics or hospitals contracted with Healthy Türkiye, patients will receive the best breast cancer treatment from specialist doctors in Türkiye at affordable rates. Healthy Türkiye teams to provide medical attention to breast cancer treatment procedures and high-quality treatment to patients at a minimum cost. When you contact Healthy Türkiye assistants, you can get free information about the cost of breast cancer treatment in Türkiye and what this cost covers.
Why Choose Türkiye for Breast Cancer Treatment?
Türkiye is a common choice among international patients seeking advanced breast cancer treatment. Türkiye’s health procedures are safe and effective operations with a high success rate like breast cancer treatment. The increasing demand for high-quality breast cancer treatment at affordable prices has made Türkiye a popular medical travel destination. In Türkiye, breast cancer treatment is performed by highly experienced and trained doctors with the most advanced technology in the world. breast cancer treatment is done in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya, and other major cities. The reasons for choosing breast cancer treatment in Türkiye are as follows:
High-quality hospitals: Joint Commission International (JCI) accredited hospitals have dedicated breast cancer treatment units that are specially designed for patients. International and national strict protocols provide effective and successful breast cancer treatment for patients in Türkiye.
Qualified experts: The expert teams include nurses and specialist doctors, together to carry out breast cancer treatment according to the patient’s needs. All the included doctors are highly experienced in performing breast cancer treatment.
Affordable price: The cost of breast cancer treatment in Türkiye is affordable compared to Europe, the USA, the UK, Singapore, Australia, etc.
The high success rate: Highly experienced specialists, the best available technology, and stringently followed safety guidelines for post-operative care of the patient, resulting in a high success rate for breast cancer treatment in Türkiye.
All-Inclusive Packages for Breast Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
Healthy Türkiye offers all-inclusive packages for breast cancer treatment in Türkiye at much lower prices. Extremely professional and experienced doctors and technicians carry out high-quality breast cancer treatment. The cost of breast cancer treatment in European countries can be quite expensive, especially in the UK. Healthy Türkiye provides cheap all-inclusive packages for a long and short stay of breast cancer treatment in Türkiye. Because of many factors, we can provide you with many opportunities for your breast cancer treatment in Türkiye.
The price of breast cancer treatment differs from other countries due to medical fees, staff labor prices, exchange rates, and market competition. You can save much more on breast cancer treatment compared to other countries in Türkiye. When you purchase a breast cancer treatment all-inclusive package with Healthy Türkiye our healthcare team will present hotels for you to choose from. In breast cancer treatment travel, you will have the price of your stay included in the all-inclusive package cost.
In Türkiye, when you purchase breast cancer treatment all-inclusive packages through Healthy Türkiye, you will always receive VIP transfers. These are provided by Healthy Türkiye, which is contracted with highly qualified hospitals for breast cancer treatment in Türkiye. Healthy Türkiye teams will organize everything about breast cancer treatment for you and have you picked up from the airport and safely brought to your accommodation.
Once settled in the hotel, you will be transferred to and from the clinic or hospital for breast cancer treatment. After your breast cancer treatment has been successfully completed, the transfer team will return you to the airport in time for your flight home. In Türkiye, all packages of breast cancer treatment can be arranged upon request, which relaxes the minds of our patients. You can reach out Healthy Türkiye for everything you need to know about breast cancer treatment in Türkiye
Frequently Asked Questions
Triple-negative breast cancer is the least common type of breast cancer to treat.
Breast cancer is where it first spreads to the lymph nodes under the arm, the tissue surrounding the breast, the collarbone, or the lower neck.
Although breast cancer is mostly found in women, men can also get breast cancer with a 1% chance.
It is ductal carcinoma in situ where cancer cells have not spread through the walls of the ducts to nearby breast tissue. Almost all women with this breast cancer can be cured.
Chemotherapy is generally not recommended for stage 1 breast cancer. For this stage of breast cancer, if there is a risk of recurrence after surgery, it can be applied at the discretion of the surgeon.
The immediate effects of hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms, fatigue, chronic breast pain, lymphedema, and loss of sex drive can be difficult to plan for and cope with as their effects vary from person to person.
Lumpectomy surgery in 5-10 days
Mastectomy surgery 3-4 weeks
Reconstructive mastectomy surgery is the longest recovery time of 6-8 weeks.
Mastectomy is a 1.5-hour operation to remove a breast. It is used to treat breast cancer in women and breast cancer in men.
It depends on what surgery the patient had for breast cancer and the procedures after the surgery. However, a woman who has a mastectomy usually stays in the hospital for 1-2 nights.
Women with breast cancer are treated with chemotherapy if they are in stages I, II, or III.
Stage IV is the most advanced stage of breast cancer that has spread to nearby lymph nodes and distant parts of the body beyond the breast. At this stage, breast cancer has probably spread to the lungs, liver, brain, and bones.
Although it varies according to the patient’s condition, after the diagnosis of breast cancer, 3 months for surgical operation, 4 months for chemotherapy treatment, and 1 year for radiotherapy are determined.
A chemotherapy session lasts for a maximum of 4 to at least half an hour, depending on the patient’s condition. Due to the effects of chemotherapy, blood tests are performed regularly to ensure that a chemotherapy session can be performed.