About Radiotherapy in Turkey

Radiotherapy treatment, also defined as radiation therapy in Turkey, kills cancer cells. Radiotherapy is used in the early stages of cancer treatment or after it has started to spread. Radiation therapy can also be used to relieve pain and discomfort from cancer that has spread.

Recent breakthroughs have led to radiotherapy treatments that can importantly enhance cancer outcomes by controlling tumors and reducing the need for surgery. Radiotherapy treatment also has a very important place in helping patients with cancer that cannot be cured. At the same time, these radiotherapy techniques can limit side effects and shorten therapy times from weeks to just a few days for some tumor types. In patients with advanced cancer, radiotherapy treatment is commonly used to shrink tumors, and/or treat cancers that have spread. This procedure provides relief from pain and other symptoms, which is vital for improving a cancer patient’s quality of life.

Many radiotherapy treatments are non-invasive and most are given in the outpatient setting, i.e. without being admitted to the hospital. Radiation therapy is generally given in private clinics or large hospitals. During the therapy, trained staff medicine specialists or radiation therapists give radiation treatment. Radiation oncologists who are the main field medical specialists for patients getting radiation therapy will supervise the treatment.

Before finalizing a radiotherapy treatment plan, your doctors review the patient’s clinical history, pathology reports and imaging studies to determine the optimal radiation treatment for each patient. As each treatment plan is customized, it is significant to discuss your radiation therapy options with your doctor before starting treatment. At Healthy Türkiye, its doctors and expert teams are leading specialists in using advanced radiotherapy for different cancers. Healthy Türkiye treatment centers are equipped with the latest radiotherapy technologies in Turkey.


Radiotherapy Turkey

Radiotherapy in Turkey is a type of cancer treatment that uses beams of intense energy to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy most generally uses X-rays, but protons or other types of energy also can be used. The term “radiotherapy treatment” most often underlines external beam radiation therapy. During external radiation therapy, the high-energy beams come from a device outside of your body that aims the beams at a precise point on your body. During a different type of radiation treatment defined as brachytherapy, radiation is placed inside your body.

In radiotherapy treatment, radiation waves damage cells by destroying the genetic material that controls how cells grow and divide. While both healthy and cancerous cells are damaged by radiation therapy, the purpose of radiation therapy is to destroy as few normal, healthy cells as possible. Normal and healthy cells can often repair much of the damage caused by radiation.

Radiotherapy treatment can be used to try to cure cancer, decrease the chance of cancer coming back or to help relieve symptoms. You might have radiotherapy by itself or with other treatments, such as chemotherapy or surgery. In Turkey, most types of radiotherapy use photons. However, you may have electrons or more rarely protons in radiotherapy. Healthy Türkiye specialist doctors and teams will decide which radiotherapy type you need for your disease.

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Kind of Cancers Treated with Radiotherapy in Turkey

Radiotherapy is a treatment including the use of high-energy radiation in Turkey. Radiation treatment is commonly used to treat cancer. Almost half of all people with cancer obtain radiotherapy as part of their treatment plan. Radiation treatment procedure is also sometimes used to treat benign (non-cancerous) tumors and other conditions, such as thyroid disease and some blood disorders. In the procedure of treatment, specialist doctors focus mainly on the use of radiotherapy as a treatment for cancer. Radiotherapy treatment is used to treat many conditions, including:

Acoustic Neuroma

Lung Cancer

Brain Tumor

Liver Cancer


Head and Neck Cancer


Breast Cancer


Bone Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Metastatic Brain Cancer

Radiation treatment plays a significant role in treatment protocols for most cancers either as a single modality or as a part of multimodal comprehensive cancer care for patients planned with curative or palliative intent. People are divided with specific cancer management groups managing specific tumor types and sites, undergo multidisciplinary joint clinic discussions, and are then referred for radiotherapy.


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Types of Radiotherapy in Turkey

There are two different types of radiotherapy in Turkey. These are external beam and internal radiotherapy. The type of radiation therapy that you might have depends on many factors. These factors include the type of cancer, the size of the tumor, tumor’s location in the body. Also, the type of radiotherapy depends on your general health, medical history, and your age.

External Beam Radiotherapy in Turkey

External-beam radiotherapy treatment in Turkey delivers radiation from a machine outside the body. External beam is the most common radiation therapy treatment for cancer. In external beam radiotherapy, each session is generally quick, lasting about 15 minutes. Radiation wave does not hurt, sting, or burn when they enters the body. Typically, patients have treatment sessions 5 times per week, Monday through Friday. This schedule usually continues for 3 to 9 weeks, depending on your personal radiation treatment plan in Turkey.

External beam type of radiation therapy only targets the tumor. However, radiation waves will affect some healthy tissue surrounding the tumor. While most patients feel no pain when radiation treatment is being delivered, the effects of treatment slowly build up over time. External radiotherapy may include discomfort, skin changes, or other side effects, depending on where the treatment is being delivered. The 2-day break in external radiation treatment each week allows your body some time to repair this damage.

Internal Radiotherapy in Turkey

Internal radiotherapy is a treatment in which a source of radiation is put inside your body. In this therapy, the radiation source can be solid or liquid. Internal radiation therapy with a solid source is defined as brachytherapy. In this type of radiation treatment, seeds, ribbons, or capsules that contain a radiation source are placed in your body, in or near the tumor. Like external beam radiation therapy, internal radiotherapy is a local treatment and treats only a specific part of your body. In Turkey, with internal radiotherapy, the radiation source in your body will give off radiation for a while.

Internal radiotherapy treatment with a liquid source is defined as systemic therapy. Systemic therapy calls that the treatment travels in the blood to tissues throughout your body, seeking out and killing cancer cells. Patients receive systemic radiotherapy by swallowing, through a vein, or through an injection.

Healthy Türkiye specialist doctors will analyze all the details of your disease and apply the appropriate radiotherapy to you.


How Is Radiotherapy Performed in Turkey?

For some patients, radiotherapy might be the only treatment they need. However, most often, patients will have radiation therapy with other cancer treatments, such as surgery, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy in Turkey. Radiotherapy may be given before, during, or after these other treatments to improve the chances that treatment works in Turkey. The timing of when radiotherapy is given depends on the type of cancer being treated and whether the aim of radiation therapy is to treat cancer or ease symptoms.

When radiation is integrated with surgery, radiotherapy can be given:

Before the surgical operation, radiotherapy is used to shrink the size of cancer so cancer cells can be removed by surgery and be less likely to return.

During the operation, radiotherapy waves go straight to the cancer without passing through the skin. Radiation treatment used this way is called intraoperative radiation. With this technique, Healthy Türkiye doctors can more easily protect nearby normal tissues from radiation.

After surgery, radiotherapy is used to kill any cancer cells that remain in the body.

There is a limit to the amount of radiation in an area of your body. In Turkey, depending on how much radiation a field has already been treated with, you may not be able to have radiation therapy to that area a second time. However, if one area of the patient’s body has already received the safe lifetime dose of radiation, another area might still be treated if the distance between the two areas is large enough.

Benefits of Radiotherapy

Radiotherapy, also defined as radiation therapy in Turkey, is a highly effective cancer treatment with wide-ranging uses. Radiotherapy provides cancer cure in many patients (either alone or with other treatments) and relieves signs or prolongs survival in more advanced cancers. In radiation treatment, there are proven roles for nearly all cancer types.

Radiation therapy is a highly targeted treatment that accurately controls cancer wherever it can be in the body. Radiotherapy allows the cancer cells to be killed or reduced in number whilst protecting the majority of other organs and tissues in the body.

For many common cancers, such as breast cancer, bowel cancer, liver cancer, skin cancer, and prostate cancer, radiation therapy is increasingly effective in reducing the risk of cancer recurrence if delivered either before or after the operation. In some cancers such as prostate, head, neck, bladder, lung, cervix, and skin cancers, radiation therapy, with or without drug therapy, can be used as the main curative treatment. In this way, radiotherapy avoids the risks of surgery and the removal of organs.

For some cancers that are too advanced to be cured, radiotherapy is very effective for pain and other problems caused by cancer, such as bleeding from the lung or bladder. For example, with radiotherapy, pain in the bones from the spread of cancer can be improved significantly or be completely removed in around 75% of patients’ issues.

New technological advances in radiation therapy have improved life quality for cancer patients in recent years by making treatments even quicker, more accurate, and more effective. The Healthy Türkiye team will work with you to achieve the most qualified and healthy results from the beginning to the end of your radiotherapy treatment.


2024 Cost of Radiotherapy in Turkey

All types of medical attention like radiotherapy are very affordable in Turkey. Many factors are also included in determining the cost of radiotherapy in Turkey. Your process with Healthy Türkiye will last from the time you decide to have radiotherapy in Turkey until the time you are fully recovered even if you are back home. The exact radiotherapy procedure cost in Turkey depends on the type of operation involved.

The cost of radiotherapy in Turkey does not demonstrate many variations in 2024. Compared to costs in developed countries like the United States or the UK, radiotherapy costs in Turkey are relatively low. So, it’s no wonder patients from across the world visit Turkey for radiotherapy procedures. However, the price is not the only factor affecting choices, we suggest looking for hospitals that are safe and have radiotherapy reviews on Google. When people decide to seek medical help for radiotherapy, they will not only have had low-cost procedures in Turkey, but also the safest and best treatment.

At clinics or hospitals contracted with Healthy Türkiye, patients will receive the best radiotherapy from specialist doctors in Turkey at affordable rates. Healthy Türkiye teams to provide medical attention radiotherapy procedures and high-quality treatment to patients at a minimum cost. When you contact Healthy Türkiye assistants, you can get free information about the cost of radiotherapy in Turkey and what this cost covers.

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Why Is Radiotherapy Cheaper in Turkey?

One of the main considerations before traveling abroad for radiotherapy is the cost-effectiveness of the whole process. Many patients think that when they add flight tickets and hotel expenses to their radiotherapy costs, it will become very expensive to travel, which is not true. Contrary to popular belief, round-trip flight tickets to Turkey for radiotherapy can be booked very affordably.

In this case, assuming you are staying in Turkey for your radiotherapy, your total travel expense of flight tickets and accommodation will only cost less than any other developed country, which is nothing compared to the amount that you are saving. The question “why is radiotherapy cheaper in Turkey?” is so common between patients or people simply curious about getting their medical treatment in Turkey. When it comes to radiotherapy prices in Turkey, there are 3 factors allowing cheaper prices:

The currency exchange is favorable for whoever looking for radiotherapy has a euro, dollar, or pound;

The lower cost of living and cheaper overall medical expenses such as radiotherapy;

For radiotherapy, incentives are given by the Turkish Government to medical clinics working with international clients;

All these factors allow for cheaper radiotherapy prices, but let’s be clear, these prices are cheaper for people with strong currencies (as we said, euro, dollar, Canadian dollar, pound, etc). Every year, thousands of patients from all over the world come to Turkey to get radiotherapy. The success of the healthcare system has increased in recent years, especially for radiotherapy. It’s easy to find well-educated and English-speaking medical professionals in Turkey for all kinds of medical treatment such as radiotherapy.


Why Choose Turkey for Radiotherapy?

Turkey is a common choice among international patients seeking advanced radiotherapy. Turkey’s health procedures are safe and effective operations with a high success rate like radiotherapy. The increasing demand for high-quality radiotherapy at affordable prices has made Turkey a popular medical travel destination. In Turkey, radiotherapy is performed by highly experienced and trained doctors with the most advanced technology in the world. Radiotherapy is done in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya, and other major cities. The reasons for choosing radiotherapy in Turkey are as follows:

High-quality hospitals: Joint Commission International (JCI) accredited hospitals have dedicated radiotherapy units that are specially designed for patients. International and national strict protocols provide effective and successful radiotherapy for patients in Turkey.

Qualified experts: The expert teams include nurses and specialist doctors, together to carry out radiotherapy according to the patient’s needs. All the included doctors are highly experienced in performing radiotherapy.

Affordable price: The cost of radiotherapy in Turkey is affordable compared to Europe, the USA, the UK, Singapore, Australia, etc.

The high success rate: Highly experienced specialists, the best available technology, and stringently followed safety guidelines for post-operative care of the patient, resulting in a high success rate for radiotherapy in Turkey.

Is Radiotherapy Safe in Turkey?

Did you know Turkey is one of the most visited destinations for radiotherapy in the world? It is ranked one of the most visited tourist destinations for radiotherapy. Over the years it has also come to be a very popular medical tourism destination too with many tourists coming in for radiotherapy. There are so many reasons why Turkey stands out as a leading destination for radiotherapy. Because Turkey is both safe and easy to travel to too with a regional airport hub and flight connections to pretty much everywhere, it is preferred for radiotherapy.

The best hospitals in Turkey have experienced medical staff and specialists who have performed thousands of medical services such as radiotherapy. All procedures and coordination related to radiotherapy are controlled by the Ministry of Health in accordance with the law. Over many years, the greatest progress in medicine has been observed in the field of radiotherapy. Turkey is known among foreign patients for its great opportunities in the area of radiotherapy.

To emphasize, besides the price itself, the key factor in selecting a destination for radiotherapy is certainly the standard of medical services, the hospital staff’s high expertise, hospitality, and the safety of the country.

All-Inclusive Packages for Radiotherapy in Turkey

Healthy Türkiye offers all-inclusive packages for radiotherapy in Turkey at much lower prices. Extremely professional and experienced doctors and technicians carry out high-quality radiotherapy. The cost of radiotherapy in European countries can be quite expensive, especially in the UK. Healthy Türkiye provides cheap all-inclusive packages for a long and short stay of radiotherapy in Turkey. Because of many factors, we can provide you with many opportunities for your radiotherapy in Turkey.

The price of radiotherapy differs from other countries due to medical fees, staff labor prices, exchange rates, and market competition. You can save much more in radiotherapy compared to other countries in Turkey. When you purchase radiotherapy all-inclusive packages with Healthy Türkiye our healthcare team will present hotels for you to choose from. In radiotherapy travel, you will have the price of your stay included in the all-inclusive package cost.

In Turkey, when you purchase radiotherapy all-inclusive packages through Healthy Türkiye, you will always receive VIP transfers. These are provided by Healthy Türkiye, which is contracted with highly qualified hospitals for radiotherapy in Turkey. Healthy Türkiye teams will organize everything about radiotherapy for you and have you picked up from the airport and safely brought to your accommodation. Once settled in the hotel, you will be transferred to and from the clinic or hospital for radiotherapy. After your radiotherapy has been successfully completed, the transfer team will return you to the airport in time for your flight home. In Turkey, all packages of radiotherapy can be arranged upon request, which relaxes the minds of our patients. You can reach out Healthy Türkiye for everything you need to know about radiotherapy in Turkey.

Frequently Asked Questions

In Turkey, chemotherapy includes medications given by injections or pills for cancer. This type of treatment is circulated throughout the entire body and is generally prescribed by an oncologist. Radiotherapy is applied by a linear accelerator or another radiation source, and is prescribed by a radiation oncologist. The radiotherapy beams are focused on a very certain area of the body, and the effects are highly localized.

In Turkey, most radiotherapy treatments are daily, five days per week, for a specified period of one to eight weeks, depending on the disease and the session that your physician prescribes.

Healthy Türkiye radiation therapists, who are under the direction of your radiation oncologist, will be taking all the time necessary to ensure that you are accurately positioned for your treatment. In Turkey, the actual time when the radiotherapy is “on” is generally only about a minute or two for each treatment field. Most of the time, patients are in and out of the department in less than 40 minutes for radiotherapy.

Many patients continue with most of their normal activities during radiotherapy. Depending on the area being treated, however, there may be side effects including fatigue, nausea and appetite. In Turkey, Healthy Türkiye physicians can discuss the likely side effects and prescribe medication for some conditions. After radiotherapy, making certain that you are taking care of your body’s needs is very important. Maintaining your weight and getting adequate fluids and rest are significant goals to consider.

In Turkey, as a general rule, the area that is being treated with radiotherapy should not be exposed to much direct sunlight for up to a year after treatment. Sunscreen is highly advisable for radiation regions. Sunscreen should not be applied on treated areas while undergoing radiotherapy.

In Turkey, if you miss an appointment during your prescribed radiotherapy, it will extend your therapy session by a day. Healthy Türkiye strongly recommends that you attempt to make all appointments as prescribed by your radiation oncologist. In Turkey, keep in mind that the radiotherapy is generally given Monday through Friday.