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About Bone Marrow Transplant in Türkiye
A bone marrow transplant in Türkiye is a complex procedure aimed at restoring the hematopoietic function of bone marrow in patients with blood cancer and immunodeficiency illness. Turkish hospitals and clinics provide not only bone marrow transplantation, but also comprehensive blood cancer management. The medical program for Turkish citizens and international patients involves precise preliminary diagnostic tests, finding a compatible donor, performing the bone marrow transplant, and subsequent procedures. In addition to high achievement rates, Turkish hospitals and clinics ensure affordable treatment costs.
A bone marrow transplant is a procedure where the damaged bone marrow is changed with healthy bone marrow stem cells. While this may sound simple, it’s hardly that. First, you will require a matching donor who can donate their healthy bone marrow to you. Next, you will require a multidisciplinary team of specialists that includes hematologists, cancer specialists, mental health specialists, a bone marrow transplant scheduling coordinator, transfusion medicine nurses, trained and specialized nurses, social workers, physician assistants, a nurse coordinator, a clinical nurse specialist, a dietitian, pharmacists, etc. to work round-the-clock while your treatment is ongoing.
A bone marrow transplant is a treatment procedure performed to replace damaged or destroyed bone marrow stem cells with healthy bone marrow stem cells. It is generally performed to restore the immune system or treat blood and marrow diseases such as cancer (leukemia, multiple myeloma, lymphoma), myelodysplasia, sickle cell anemia, and others. Bone marrow transplants can also be applied to treat noncancerous conditions, including aplastic anemia, congenital deficiencies of the immune system, and thalassemia major. Bone marrow transplants have also been used to treat other types of cancer, involving breast cancer and kidney cancer.
Türkiye is a major medical tourism destination, and the medical tourism industry is quickly expanding. Türkiye’s best hospitals and best clinics, with their world-class amenities and cutting-edge technology, are meeting the international standard for bone marrow transplants. The expert doctors, nurses, and hospital personnel are all highly trained, qualified, and English-speaking professionals. Bone marrow transplants are conducted by some of the most renowned onco-surgeons, with the highest level of safety and at an affordable cost.
Bone Marrow Transplant Procedure in Türkiye
A bone marrow transplant is a medical procedure conducted to replace bone marrow that has been damaged or destroyed by disease, chemotherapy, or infection. Bone marrow transplantation is often performed in Türkiye with the latest medical methods. This procedure includes transplanting blood stem cells, which travel to the bone marrow where they produce new blood cells and promote the growth of new bone marrow. Bone marrow is the fatty, spongy tissue in your bones. It creates the following parts of the blood:
Red blood cells, which bear oxygen and nutrients throughout the body
White blood cells, which battle infection
Platelets, which are liable for the formation of clots
Bone marrow also includes immature blood-forming stem cells known as hematopoietic stem cells or HSCs. Most cells are already differentiated and can only produce copies of themselves. However, these stem cells are unspecialized, meaning they have the potential to multiply through cell division and either remain stem cells. They differentiate and mature into various kinds of blood cells. The HSC found in the bone marrow will make new blood cells throughout your lifetime.
A bone marrow transplant changes your damaged stem cells with healthy cells. This provides your body makes enough white blood cells, platelets, or red blood cells to protect you from infections, bleeding disorders, or anemia.
Healthy stem cells might come from a donor or they might come from your own body. In such conditions, stem cells may be harvested, or grown, before you begin chemotherapy or radiation treatment. Those healthy cells are then stored and applied in transplantation.
When Is Bone Marrow Transplant Necessary?
The purpose of a bone marrow transplant is to cure various diseases and types of cancer. When the doses of chemotherapy or radiation required to cure a cancer are so high that a person’s bone marrow stem cells will be permanently damaged or destroyed by the treatment. A bone marrow transplant might be required. Bone marrow transplants might also be required if the bone marrow has been destroyed by a disease.
A bone marrow transplant can be applied to:
Substitute diseased, nonfunctioning bone marrow with healthy functioning bone marrow (for cases such as leukemia, aplastic anemia, and sickle cell anemia).
Regenerate a new immune system that will battle existing or residual leukemia or other cancers not destroyed by the chemotherapy or radiation applied in the transplant.
Replace the bone marrow and restore its normal function after high doses of chemotherapy and/or radiation are applied to treat a malignancy. This process is generally called rescue.
Substitute bone marrow with genetically healthy functioning bone marrow to prevent more damage from a genetic disease process (such as adrenoleukodystrophy, and Hurler’s syndrome).
In a thorough discussion with your healthcare professional and bone marrow transplant specialists at Healthy Türkiye before a bone marrow transplant, the risks and benefits will be reported appropriately for your case.
Diseases Treated With Bone Marrow Transplant in Türkiye
Bone marrow transplantation is good for many different diseases. The following diseases are the ones that most commonly benefit from bone marrow transplants:
Some solid-tumor cancers (in rare circumstances)
Severe aplastic anemia
Immune deficiency disorders
However, patients experience diseases differently, and bone marrow transplants might not be right for everyone who suffers from these diseases and disorders. Eligibility is determined after your specialist doctors at Healthy Türkiye have performed the necessary examinations.
Types of Bone Marrow Transplants in Türkiye
Healthy marrow and blood cells are required to live. When the disease affects marrow so that it cannot function properly, a marrow or cord blood transplant could be the best treatment option, and for some patients, offers the only potential cure. There are several different types of bone marrow/stem cell transplants to be performed in Türkiye. The two basic types are:
Stem cells for an autologous bone marrow transplant come from your own body. Sometimes, cancer is treated with high-dose, intensive chemotherapy, or radiation therapy. This type of therapy may damage your stem cells and your immune system. That’s why expert doctors remove, or rescue, your stem cells from your blood or bone marrow before the cancer treatment starts.
After chemotherapy, the stem cells come back to your body, restoring your immune system and your body’s capability to produce blood cells and fight infection. This procedure is also called an autotransplant or stem cell rescue.
Stem cells for an allogeneic bone marrow transplant come from another person, called a donor. The donor’s stem cells are given to the patient after applying chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. This is also known as an ALLO transplant. Many person have a “graft-versus-cancer cell effect” during an allo transplant. This is when the new stem cells recognize and kill cancer cells that are still in the body. This is the basic way ALLO transplants work to treat cancer.
Finding a “donor match” is a required step for an ALLO transplant. A match is a healthy donor whose blood proteins, called human leukocyte antigens (HLA), closely match yours. This process is known as HLA typing. Siblings from the same parents are generally the best match, but another family member or an unrelated volunteer might be a match too. If your donor’s proteins closely match yours, you are less feasible to get a serious side effect called graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In this case, the healthy transplant cells attack your cells. If a donor is not found, there are two other methods.
Other Types of Bone Marrow Transplant in Türkiye
Umbilical cord blood transplant for bone marrow transplant. In this type of transplant, stem cells from umbilical cord blood are exploited. The umbilical cord binds a fetus to its mother before birth. After birth, the baby does not require it. Cancer centers around the world use cord blood, and it achieves fruitful results.
Parent-child transplant and haplotype mismatched transplant for bone marrow transplant. Cells from a parent, child, brother, or sister are not always a perfect match for a patient’s HLA type, but they are a 50% match. Specialists are applying these types of transplants more frequently to expand the use of transplantation as an effective cancer treatment.
Prepare for Bone Marrow Transplant in Türkiye?
Prior to your bone marrow transplant, you’ll undergo several tests in Türkiye to discover what type of bone marrow cells you need. You might also undergo radiation or chemotherapy to destroy all cancer cells or bone marrow cells before you get the new stem cells. A bone marrow transplant takes about a week. Therefore, some arrangements need to be made before your first transplant session. These arrangements include things such as finding a place of accommodation close to the hospital and planning a round trip between the hospital and home. At Healthy Türkiye, we will always be with you on these matters, and we will provide you with the necessary support.
During treatments, your immune system will be compromised, affecting its capability to fight infections. Therefore, you may stay in a special section of the hospital that’s reserved for people receiving bone marrow transplants. This decreases your risk of being exposed to anything that could cause an infection.
Don’t hesitate to bring a list of questions to ask your specialist. You might write down the answers or bring a friend to listen to them and take notes. It’s important that you feel comfortable and confident before the treatment and that all of your questions are answered thoroughly. Well-trained and expert doctors in Türkiye will answer all your questions in the most appropriate way.
The bone marrow transplant process can be emotionally taxing. Talking to a professional can help you through this process. In such cases, you can get professional support by contacting Healthy Türkiye 24/7.
How Is Bone Marrow Transplant Performed in Türkiye?
When your specialist thinks you’re ready, you’ll have a bone marrow transplant in Türkiye. The bone marrow transplant procedure is similar to a blood transfusion. If an allogeneic transplant is to be performed, bone marrow cells will be collected from your donor one or two days before your procedure. If your own cells are to be used, they are taken from the stem cell bank.
Most frequently, high doses of chemotherapy and/or radiation are involved in the preparations. This intense therapy is needed to effectively treat the malignancy and make room in the bone marrow for the new cells to grow. This therapy is generally called ablative, or myeloablative, because of its effect on the bone marrow. The bone marrow creates most of the blood cells in our body. Ablative therapy blocks this process of cell production, and the marrow becomes empty. An empty marrow is required to make room for the new stem cells to grow and establish a new system for producing blood cells.
After the chemotherapy and/or radiation are applied, the bone marrow transplant is given through the central venous catheter in the bloodstream. It is not a surgical procedure to place the marrow in the bone, but it is similar to receiving a blood transfusion. The stem cells find their way into the bone marrow and start reproducing and growing new, healthy blood cells.
After the bone marrow transplant, supportive care is applied to prevent and treat infections, side effects of treatments, and complications. This involves frequent blood tests, close monitoring of vital signs, strict measurement of fluid input and output, daily weigh-ins, and affording a protected and clean environment.
Recovery from Bone Marrow Transplant in Türkiye
The healing process for each patient in bone marrow transplantation is different, but you’ll probably spend several weeks in the hospital. Your immune system will be weak, so you’ll take drugs to prevent infections. You might also require blood transfusions. For the first few weeks, your specialists will examine your blood frequently to check for engraftment. They may also take a small sample of your bone marrow for this. You can generally leave the hospital after you meet certain criteria, involving specific blood cell counts and no fever for 2 days. You’ll also have to have someone at home who can help take care of you.
Your immune system might take a year or longer to recover after your bone marrow transplant. You’ll need to see your specialist frequently and keep taking drugs to prevent infections and graft-vs.-host disease. Your professional medical team may suggest that you see a specialist called a dietitian. Specialists can work with you to create a diet plan that will help prevent infections and keep you healthy. They might tell you to:
Choose foods that give your body the nutrients it requires.
Leave foods and drinks that carry a higher risk of foodborne illness.
Follow common food safety guidelines.
Take multivitamins or supplements to fill gaps in nutrition.
You probably won’t be able to come back to work or other activities for a while. And your expert may tell you to make a few lifestyle changes, such as:
Limit your time in direct sunlight, because your skin might be more sensitive.
Don’t get a body piercing or tattoo.
Take extra care to prevent cavities.
Keep your home clean and free of mold.
In addition to these recommendations, your doctor in Türkiye may ask you not to smoke. Smoking causes all healing processes to be prolonged.
Results of Bone Marrow Transplant
A bone marrow transplant can cure some diseases and put others into remission. The purposes of a bone marrow transplant depend on your case but generally involve controlling or curing your disease, extending your life, and improving your quality of life. Some patients have few side effects or complications from a bone marrow transplant. Others might experience short- and long-term side effects and complications. It might be difficult to predict the severity of side effects and the success of the transplant.
It can be helpful to remember that there are many people who have transplants and also experienced some very difficult days during the transplant procedure. But, ultimately, they had successful transplants and returned to normal activities with a good quality of life.
Life After Bone Marrow Transplant
It might take as long as a year for the new bone marrow to function normally. Patients are closely monitored during this time to identify any infections or complications that might develop. Life after a bone marrow transplant can be both exhilarating and worrisome. Most patients find their quality of life improved after the transplant. It is exciting that the quality of life has improved after a difficult and worrying process.
Nonetheless, there is always the worry that relapse will occur. Furthermore, innocent statements or events can sometimes conjure up unpleasant memories of the transplant experience long after the patient has recovered. It can take a long time for the patient to come to grips with these difficulties. In these cases, you can always get professional support by contacting Healthy Türkiye.
2023 Cost of Bone Marrow Transplant in Türkiye
All types of medical attention, like bone marrow transplants, are very affordable in Türkiye. Many factors are also included in determining the cost of bone marrow transplants in Türkiye. Your process with Healthy Türkiye will last from the time you decide to have a bone marrow transplant in Türkiye until the time you are fully recovered, even if you are back home. The exact cost of a bone marrow transplant procedure in Türkiye depends on the type of operation involved.
The cost of bone marrow transplants in Türkiye does not demonstrate many variations in 2023. Compared to costs in developed countries like the United States or the UK, bone marrow transplant costs in Türkiye are relatively low. So, it’s no wonder patients from across the world visit Türkiye for bone marrow transplant procedures. However, price is not the only factor affecting choices. We suggest looking for hospitals that are safe and have good bone marrow transplant reviews on Google. When people decide to seek medical help for bone marrow transplants, they will not only have had low-cost procedures in Türkiye, but also the safest and best treatment.
At clinics or hospitals contracted with Healthy Türkiye, patients will receive the best bone marrow transplant from specialist doctors in Türkiye at affordable rates. Healthy Türkiye teams to provide medical attention, bone marrow transplant procedures, and high-quality treatment to patients at a minimum cost. When you contact Healthy Türkiye assistants, you can get free information about the cost of bone marrow transplants in Türkiye and what this cost covers.
Why Is Bone Marrow Transplant Cheaper in Türkiye?
One of the main considerations before traveling abroad for a bone marrow transplant is the cost-effectiveness of the whole process. Many patients think that when they add flight tickets and hotel expenses to their bone marrow transplant costs, it will become very expensive to travel, which is not true. Contrary to popular belief, round-trip flight tickets to Türkiye for bone marrow transplant can be booked very affordably.
In this case, assuming you are staying in Türkiye for your bone marrow transplant, your total travel expense of flight tickets and accommodation will only cost less than any other developed country, which is nothing compared to the amount that you are saving. The question “Why is a bone marrow transplant cheaper in Türkiye?” is so common among patients or people simply curious about getting their medical treatment in Türkiye. When it comes to bone marrow transplant prices in Türkiye, there are 3 factors allowing for cheaper prices:
The currency exchange is favorable for whoever looking for a bone marrow transplant has a euro, dollar, or pound;
The lower cost of living and cheaper overall medical expenses such as bone marrow transplant;
For bone marrow transplant, incentives are given by the Turkish Government to medical clinics working with international clients;
All these factors allow for cheaper bone marrow transplant prices, but let’s be clear, these prices are cheaper for people with strong currencies (as we said, euro, dollar, Canadian dollar, pound, etc).
Every year, thousands of patients from all over the world come to Türkiye to get bone marrow transplant. The success of the healthcare system has increased in recent years, especially for bone marrow transplant. It’s easy to find well-educated and English-speaking medical professionals in Türkiye for all kinds of medical treatment, such as bone marrow transplant.
Why Choose Türkiye for Bone Marrow Transplant?
Türkiye is a common choice among international patients seeking advanced bone marrow transplant. Türkiye’s health procedures are safe and effective, with a high success rate like bone marrow transplant. The increasing demand for high-quality bone marrow transplant at affordable prices has made Türkiye a popular medical travel destination. In Türkiye, bone marrow transplant is performed by highly experienced and trained doctors with the most advanced technology in the world. bone marrow transplant is done in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya, and other major cities. The reasons for choosing bone marrow transplant in Türkiye are as follows:
High-quality hospitals: Joint Commission International (JCI) accredited hospitals have dedicated bone marrow transplant units that are specially designed for patients. International and national strict protocols provide effective and successful bone marrow transplant for patients in Türkiye.
Qualified experts: The expert teams include nurses and specialist doctors, together to carry out bone marrow transplant according to the patient’s needs. All the included doctors are highly experienced in performing bone marrow transplant.
Affordable price: The cost of a bone marrow transplant in Türkiye is affordable compared to Europe, the USA, the UK, Singapore, Australia, etc.
The high success rate: Highly experienced specialists, the best available technology, and stringently followed safety guidelines for post-operative care of the patient, resulting in a high success rate for bone marrow transplantation in Türkiye.
Is Bone Marrow Transplant Safe in Türkiye?
Did you know Türkiye is one of the most visited destinations for bone marrow transplant in the world? It is ranked as one of the most popular tourist destinations for bone marrow transplant. Over the years, it has also come to be a very popular medical tourism destination, with many tourists coming in for bone marrow transplant. There are so many reasons why Türkiye stands out as a leading destination for bone marrow transplant. Because Türkiye is both safe and easy to travel to, with a regional airport hub and flight connections to pretty much everywhere, it is preferred for bone marrow transplant.
The best hospitals in Türkiye have experienced medical staff and specialists who have performed thousands of medical services such as bone marrow transplant. The Ministry of Health controls all procedures and coordination related to bone marrow transplant in accordance with the law. Over many years, the greatest progress in medicine has been observed in the field of a bone marrow transplant. Türkiye is known among foreign patients for its great opportunities in the area of bone marrow transplant.
To emphasize, besides the price itself, the key factor in selecting a destination for a bone marrow transplant is certainly the standard of medical services, the hospital staff’s high level of expertise, hospitality, and the safety of the country.
All-Inclusive Packages for Bone Marrow Transplant in Türkiye
Healthy Türkiye offers all-inclusive packages for bone marrow transplant in Türkiye at much lower prices. Extremely professional and experienced doctors and technicians carry out high-quality bone marrow transplant. The cost of a bone marrow transplant in European countries can be quite expensive, especially in the UK. Healthy Türkiye provides cheap all-inclusive packages for a long and short stay of bone marrow transplant in Türkiye. Because of many factors, we can provide you with many opportunities for your bone marrow transplant in Türkiye.
The price of a bone marrow transplant differs from other countries due to medical fees, staff labor prices, exchange rates, and market competition. You can save much more in bone marrow transplant compared to other countries in Türkiye. When you purchase bone marrow transplant all-inclusive package with Healthy Türkiye our healthcare team will present of hotels for you to choose from. In bone marrow transplant travel, you will have the price of your stay included in the all-inclusive package cost.
In Türkiye, when you purchase bone marrow transplant all-inclusive packages through Healthy Türkiye, you will always receive VIP transfers. These are provided by Healthy Türkiye, which is contracted with highly qualified hospitals for bone marrow transplant in Türkiye. Healthy Türkiye teams will organize everything about bone marrow transplant for you and have you picked up from the airport and safely brought to your accommodation. Once settled in the hotel, you will be transferred to and from the clinic or hospital for the bone marrow transplant. After your bone marrow transplant has been successfully completed, the transfer team will return you to the airport in time for your flight home. In Türkiye, all packages of bone marrow transplant can be arranged upon request, which relaxes the minds of our patients. You can reach out Healthy Türkiye for everything you need to know about bone marrow transplant in Türkiye.
Frequently Asked Questions
It may take 6-12 months or even longer for blood counts to recover and for your immune system to function properly.
Our blood cells should be replaced on a regular basis (this is why a blood transfusion only temporarily alters the DNA profile of our blood). This shows that a bone marrow transplant recipient’s blood is derived from the donor’s stem cells.
Infection, graft-versus-host disease, excessive doses of chemotherapy and radiation, and fluid overload might all cause temporary or permanent damage to the liver and heart. Graft rejection is a potential problem in the failure of the graft (transplant) to take hold in the bone marrow.
The patient is not in any pain during the procedure. A small incision is made in the bone marrow, through which a wide-bore needle is passed and stem cells are harvested in syringes. The donor might experience pain after the anesthetic wears off. Painkillers might be required in the coming days.
Bone marrow replaces itself four to 4-6 weeks after donation. A person must be between the ages of 18-60 and in good health to donate bone marrow.
The time it gets to recover after a transplant varies. It generally takes about 3 months, but it’s also normal to take more or less time. The time after your bone marrow transplant is a time of cell recovery and growth.
It is suggested that you wait 3 to 6 months following an autologous transplant before coming back to work and 6 to 12 months following an allogeneic transplant. The timing also depends on your work environment. How clean it is, how strenuous the work is, how many people you come into contact with, and your expected work hours.
The transplant is generally carried out a day or two after conditioning has finished. The stem cells are passed slowly into your body through the central line. This process frequently takes a couple of hours. The transplant will not be painful, and you’ll be awake throughout.
Bacterial infections are the most general. Viral, fungal, and other infections may also occur. Some infections might develop, later on, weeks to months after the bone marrow transplant. Infections might cause extended hospital stay, prevent or delay engraftment, reason organ damage, and might be life-threatening.
A bone marrow transplant might pose numerous risks. Some people experience minimal problems with a bone marrow transplant, while others might have serious complications that need treatment or hospitalization.