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About Liver Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
In Türkiye, liver cancer treatment is performed reliably in most hospitals by our specialist surgeons in their field with developing technology. Your body has a natural mechanism for examining the renewal of withered and dead cells. This is performed in a highly arranged and controlled way. When this mechanism collapses, the condition is called cancerous. Liver cancer is cancer that originates in the liver. Liver tumors are discovered on medical imaging devices (often by accident). Depending upon the diagnosis, your doctor will decide between multiple therapies that can help get rid of cancerous cells, or as a last resort, they might recommend you undergo a liver transplant.
Primary liver or hepatic cancer is a disorder that develops when normal cells in the liver become abnormal in behavior and look. The abnormality is due to the cells’ DNA mutations. Since the DNA instructs the various chemical processes in the body, their changes or mutations also alter those instructions.
The alteration may cause the cells to behave differently, attack the normal texture, multiply rapidly, and spread throughout the liver as well as to the other organs.In recent years, various advances have been made in the treatment of liver cancer in Türkiye and around the world. While removing liver cancer through surgery can be an effective form of liver cancer treatment for some patients, it’s not enforceable for all patients. As researchers continue to uncover new and innovative treatments, specialists have more options to consider for their patients.
Liver Cancer Treatment Procedure in Türkiye
Liver cancer treatment differs according to the way cancer occurs. Liver cancer occurs in two ways, primary and secondary. Primary cancers are named after the body part where cancer first begins to grow. Primary liver cancer is a rare cancer in the world. It is more common to have cancer spread to the liver from another place in your body. This is called secondary liver cancer.
Secondary cancers occur when cancer cells leave the primary site and travel to other body parts in the blood or lymphatic system. The cells can settle in another body organ, such as the lungs or liver, and begin to grow there. The cells are still the same type as in primary cancer. This is important because your doctor treats cancers based on the original cell type.
Like many types of cancer treatment in Turkiye, expert doctors at Healthy Türkiye can do more to treat liver cancer during the disease’s early stages. Unlike many types of cancer, specialists in Tukey have a good idea of what increases someone’s risk of developing liver cancer. With that in mind, expert doctors are intent on identifying who might be at increased risk so they can catch and treat primary liver cancer as early as possible.
Symptoms and Signs of Liver Cancer
People with liver cancer may not have any symptoms, especially when the tumor is detected early as part of a screening program. A symptom is something that only the patient experiencing it can identify and describe, such as nausea, fatigue, or pain. A sign is something that other patients can identify and measure, such as a fever, rash, or high pulse. Together, the signs and symptoms can help identify a medical problem. When symptoms and signs of liver cancer appear, they may include those described below. Or the cause of a symptom or sign may be a medical condition that is not cancer.
Pain, especially in the upper right part of the abdomen, near the right shoulder blade, or in the back
Yellowing of the skin or eyes which is called jaundice
Weakness or fatigue
Unexplained weight loss
A hard lump under the ribs on the right side of the body may be a sign that the tumor or liver is growing
When diagnosed with HCC, some people will already know that they have cirrhosis and will seek care from a doctor. Some of the symptoms experienced by people with HCC may be caused by cirrhosis rather than a tumor. These symptoms include abdominal swelling caused by the accumulation of fluid called ascites and the need for more water tablets called diuretics to control the accumulation of fluid. Hepatic encephalopathy (mental confusion) and bleeding from the esophagus or stomach or worsening of the condition can also indicate cancer.
If you are concerned about any changes you are experiencing, please talk to your doctor. Your doctor will ask, in addition to other questions, how long and how often you have experienced the symptom(s). This is to help find the cause of the problem, which is called diagnostics.
If liver cancer is diagnosed, relieving symptoms remains an important part of cancer care and treatment. This can also be called “palliative care” or “supportive care”. It usually begins shortly after diagnosis and continues throughout liver cancer treatment. Be sure to talk to your specialist doctor about the symptoms you are experiencing, including new symptoms or a change in symptoms.
Diagnosis for Liver Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
Specialist doctors use many tests to find or diagnose liver cancer. They also do tests to find out if cancer has spread from where it started to another part of the body. If this happens, it is called metastasis. Imaging tests show pictures of the inside of the body. Doctors may also do extra tests to find out which liver cancer treatment will work best.
For most types of cancer, a biopsy is the only sure way for the specialist doctor to know whether a part of the body has cancer. In a biopsy, the doctor takes a small sample of texture for testing in a laboratory. If a biopsy is not possible or recommended, the doctor may command other tests that will help make a diagnosis.
The tests used to make sure in the diagnosis of liver cancer can be indicated as follows,
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan
Biomarker testing of the tumor
Liver cancer diagnosis does not always require a biopsy. Sometimes the specialists in Türkiye can diagnose liver cancer based on the results of imaging tests such as CT scans and MRI.
After primary liver cancer has been diagnosed, extra tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the liver or to other sites of the body. The process of determining the size, location and whether the cancer has spread is called staging. Some of the tests and procedures applied to diagnose liver cancer, such as CT scan and MRI, might be used in the staging process. A positron emission tomography (PET) scan might also be applied.
Liver Cancer Stages
Cancer staging helps to determine the prognosis of the disease, the chance of recovery, and the most appropriate types of liver cancer treatment. In general, only early-stage liver cancer cure is possible. To find out the stage of cancer, doctors use diagnostic tests, so staging may not be completed until all tests are finished. Knowing the stage helps the doctor recommend what type of treatment is best and can help predict the patient’s prognosis. There are different staging definitions for different types of cancer.
Very early stage: The tumor is smaller than 2 cm. There is no increased pressure in the portal vein, which is one of the main blood arteries of the liver. The levels of bilirubin, a substance that causes jaundice, are normal. Surgery is usually recommended.
Early stage: The tumor is smaller than 5 centimeters. Liver function changes. Patients with early-stage disease may be candidates for a liver transplant, surgery, or radiofrequency ablation (RFA).
Intermediate stage: The tumor may be big or there may be multi tumors. Doctors usually suggest regional therapies, such as transarterial chemoembolization.
Advanced stage: The tumor has invaded the portal vein or spread to other areas of the body, such as the lymph nodes, bones, and lungs. Doctors usually suggest targeted therapy.
Types of Liver Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
Liver cancer treatment in Türkiye includes many different treatment methods. Take time to learn about all of your treatment choices, and be sure to ask questions about things that are unclear. Talk with a specialist at Healthy Türkiye about the goals of each treatment and what you can expect while receiving it. These types of talks are known as “shared decision-making.” Shared decision-making is when you and your specialists work together to choose treatments that fit the goals of your care.
The various different disease-directed treatment options for liver cancer can be grouped according to whether they may liver cancer cure or if they will improve survival but most likely not eliminate it. Descriptions of the most common treatment choices, both disease-directed and those aimed at managing side effects and symptoms, are listed below.
Surveillance for Liver Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
Surveillance is applied to lesions smaller than 1 centimeter detected during scanning. A follow-up every 3 months is common. The surveillance closely monitors the patient’s condition but does not give any treatment unless there are changes in the test results that indicate a worsening of the condition. During active supervision, certain examinations and tests are conducted on a regular schedule.
Surgery for Liver Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
A partial hepatectomy (surgery to remove the part of the liver where the cancer is located) can be performed. A wedge of texture, an entire lobe, or a larger part of the liver is removed along with a portion of the healthy tissue around it. The remaining liver tissue takes over the functions of the liver and can regrow.
Liver Transplant for Liver Cancer Treatment
In a liver transplant, the entire liver is extracted and replaced with a healthy donor liver. A liver transplant can be performed only when the disease is in the liver and a donated liver can be found. If the patient has to wait for a donated liver, another treatment is prescribed if necessary.
Ablation Therapy for Liver Cancer
Ablation therapy removes or destroys cancerous tissue in the liver. Different types of ablation treatments are used for liver cancer:
Radiofrequency ablation: To get to the tumor, special needles are inserted directly through the skin or through an incision in the abdomen. High-energy radio waves heat needles and tumors, which kill cancer cells.
Percutaneous ethanol injection: Ethanol (pure alcohol) is injected directly into the tumor with the help of a small needle to kill cancer cells. Several treatments may be required. Generally, local anesthesia is used, but general anesthesia can be used if the patient has many tumors in the liver.
Microwave therapy: The tumor is exposed to high temperatures generated by microwaves. This can damage and kill cancer cells or make them more susceptible to the effects of radiation and some anticancer drugs.
Cryoablation: A tool used to freeze and destroy cancer cells. This type of procedure is also called cryotherapy or cryosurgery. The doctor may use ultrasound to guide the tool.
Electroporation therapy: Electrical pulses are sent through an electrode inserted into the tumor to kill cancer cells. Electroporation therapy is being analyzed in clinical trials.
Embolization Therapy for Liver Cancer
Embolization therapy is used for patients who cannot undergo surgery to remove the tumor or who are undergoing ablation therapy and whose tumor has not spread outside the liver. Embolization therapy is the use of substances to block or reduce blood flow from the hepatic artery to the tumor. When the tumor does not receive the oxygen and nutrients it needs, it will not continue to grow. The liver accepts blood from the hepatic portal vein and the hepatic artery. Blood that comes into the liver from the hepatic portal vein generally goes to the healthy liver texture. Blood that comes from the hepatic artery generally goes to the tumor. When the hepatic artery is blocked during embolization therapy, the healthy liver texture continues to accept blood from the hepatic portal vein.
Embolization therapy has two main types;
Transarterial embolization (TAE): A small incision is made in the inner thigh, and a catheter is inserted and passed into the hepatic artery. After the catheter is inserted, a substance is injected that blocks the hepatic artery and stops blood flow to the tumor.
Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE): The procedure can be done by attaching the anticancer drug to small beads injected into the hepatic artery, or by injecting the anticancer drug through the catheter into the hepatic artery, and then injecting the substance that will block the hepatic artery. Most anticancer drug is caught near the tumor and only a small amount of the drug reaches other parts of the body. This type of treatment is also named chemoembolization.
Targeted Therapy for Liver Cancer
Targeted therapy is a type of treatment that uses drugs or other substances to identify and destroy specific cancer cells. Targeted therapies generally cause less damage to normal cells than chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Targeted therapies used to treat advanced liver cancer include:
Recent research show that not all tumors have the same targets. To find the most effective treatment, your specialist might run tests to identify the genes, proteins, and other factors in your tumor. This helps specialists better match each patient with the most effective treatment whenever possible.
Immunotherapy for Liver Cancer
Immunotherapy is a treatment that uses the patient’s immune system to struggle with cancer. Substances made by the body or made in the laboratory are used to strengthen, redirect, or restore the body’s natural defenses against cancer.
Radiation Therapy for Liver Cancer
Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells. There are two types of radiation therapy. This kills cancer cells or prevents them from growing. Some ways to give external radiation therapy can help prevent radiation from damaging nearby healthy textures:
Conformal radiation therapy: Conformal radiation therapy uses a computer to get a 3-dimensional, or 3-D, picture of the tumor and shape the radiation beams to fit the tumor. This allows a high dose of radiation to reach the tumor and causes less damage to nearby healthy textures.
Stereotactic body radiation therapy: Stereotactic body radiation therapy uses special equipment to place the patient in a similar position for each radiation treatment. Once a day for several weeks, a radiation machine targets a larger-than-usual dose of radiation directly at the tumor. By keeping the patient in the same position for each treatment, less damage is done to the nearby healthy texture. This procedure is also known as stereotactic external-beam radiation therapy or stereotaxic radiation therapy.
Proton beam radiation therapy: Proton therapy is a type of high-energy, outer radiation therapy that uses streams of protons to kill tumor cells. This type of treatment can decrease the amount of radiation damage to healthy tissue near a tumor.
Chemotherapy for Liver Cancer
Chemotherapy uses medicines to kill rapidly growing cells, including cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be applied through a vein in your arm, taken in pill form, or both. Chemotherapy is sometimes used to treat advanced liver cancer.
2023 Cost of Liver Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
All types of medical attention, like liver cancer treatment, are very affordable in Türkiye. Many factors are also included in determining the cost of liver cancer treatment in Türkiye. Your process with Healthy Türkiye will last from the time you decide to have a liver cancer treatment in Türkiye until the time you are fully recovered, even if you are back home. The exact liver cancer treatment procedure cost in Türkiye depends on the type of operation involved.
The cost of liver cancer treatment in Türkiye does not demonstrate many variations in 2023. Compared to costs in developed countries like the United States or the UK, liver cancer treatment costs in Türkiye are relatively low. So, it’s no wonder patients from across the world visit Türkiye for liver cancer treatment procedures. However, price is not the only factor affecting choices. We suggest looking for hospitals that are safe and have good liver cancer treatment reviews on Google. When people decide to seek medical help for liver cancer treatment, they will not only have had low-cost procedures in Türkiye but also the safest and best treatment.
At clinics or hospitals contracted with Healthy Türkiye, patients will receive the best liver cancer treatment from specialist doctors in Türkiye at affordable rates. Healthy Türkiye teams provide medical attention liver cancer treatment procedures, and high-quality treatment to patients at a minimum cost. When you contact Healthy Türkiye assistants, you can get free information about the cost of liver cancer treatment in Türkiye and what this cost covers.
Why Is Liver Cancer Treatment Cheaper in Türkiye?
One of the main considerations before traveling abroad for liver cancer treatment is the cost-effectiveness of the whole process. Many patients think that when they add flight tickets and hotel expenses to their liver cancer treatment costs, it will become very expensive to travel, which is not true. Contrary to popular belief, round-trip flight tickets to Türkiye for liver cancer treatment can be booked very affordably.
In this case, assuming you are staying in Türkiye for your liver cancer treatment, your total travel expense of flight tickets and accommodation will only cost less than any other developed country, which is nothing compared to the amount that you are saving. The question “Why is liver cancer treatment cheaper in Türkiye?” is so common among patients or people simply curious about getting their medical treatment in Türkiye. When it comes to liver cancer treatment prices in Türkiye, there are 3 factors allowing for cheaper prices:
The currency exchange is favorable for whoever looking for liver cancer treatment has a euro, dollar, or pound;
The lower cost of living and cheaper overall medical expenses such as treatment for liver cancer;
For liver cancer treatment, incentives are given by the Turkish Government to medical clinics working with international clients;
All these factors allow for cheaper liver cancer treatment prices, but let’s be clear, these prices are cheaper for people with strong currencies (as we said, euro, dollar, Canadian dollar, pound, etc).
Every year, thousands of patients from all over the world come to Türkiye to get treatment for liver cancer. The success of the healthcare system has increased in recent years, especially for liver cancer treatment. It’s easy to find well-educated and English-speaking medical professionals in Türkiye for all kinds of medical treatment, such as liver cancer treatment.
Why Choose Türkiye for Liver Cancer Treatment?
Türkiye is a common choice among international patients seeking advanced liver cancer treatment. Türkiye’s health procedures are safe and effective, with a high success rate, like liver cancer treatment. The increasing demand for high-quality liver cancer treatment at affordable prices has made Türkiye a popular medical travel destination. In Türkiye, liver cancer treatment is performed by highly experienced and trained doctors with the most advanced technology in the world. Liver cancer treatment is done in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya, and other major cities. The reasons for choosing liver cancer treatment in Türkiye are as follows:
High-quality hospitals: Joint Commission International (JCI) accredited hospitals have dedicated liver cancer treatment units that are specially designed for patients. International and national strict protocols provide effective and successful liver cancer treatment for patients in Türkiye.
Qualified experts: The expert teams include nurses and specialist doctors, together to carry out treatment or liver cancer according to the patient’s needs. All the included doctors are highly experienced in performing liver cancer treatment.
Affordable price: The cost of liver cancer treatment in Türkiye is affordable compared to Europe, the USA, the UK, Singapore, Australia, etc.
The high success rate: Highly experienced specialists, the best available technology, and stringently followed safety guidelines for post-operative care of the patient, resulting in a high success rate for liver cancer treatment in Türkiye.
Is Liver Cancer Treatment Safe in Türkiye?
Did you know Türkiye is one of the most visited destinations for liver cancer treatment in the world? It is ranked as one of the most popular tourist destinations for liver cancer treatment. Over the years, it has also come to be a very popular medical tourism destination, with many tourists coming in for liver cancer treatment. There are so many reasons why Türkiye stands out as a leading destination for liver cancer treatment. Because Türkiye is both safe and easy to travel to, with a regional airport hub and flight connections to pretty much everywhere, it is preferred for liver cancer treatment.
The best hospitals in Türkiye have experienced medical staff and specialists who have performed thousands of medical services, such as liver cancer treatment. All procedures and coordination related to liver cancer treatment are controlled by the Ministry of Health in accordance with the law. Over many years, the greatest progress in medicine has been observed in the field of treatment for liver cancer. Türkiye is known among foreign patients for its great opportunities in the area of liver cancer treatment.
To emphasize, besides the price itself, the key factor in selecting a destination for liver cancer treatment is certainly the standard of medical services, the hospital staff’s high level of expertise, hospitality, and the safety of the country.
All-Inclusive Packages for Liver Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
Healthy Türkiye offers all-inclusive packages for liver cancer treatment in Türkiye at much lower prices. Extremely professional and experienced doctors and technicians carry out the high quality liver cancer treatment. The cost of liver cancer treatment in European countries can be quite expensive, especially in the UK. Healthy Türkiye provides cheap all-inclusive packages for a long and short stay of liver cancer treatment in Türkiye. Because of many factors, we can provide you with many opportunities for your liver cancer treatment in Türkiye.
The price of liver cancer treatment differs from other countries due to medical fees, staff labor prices, exchange rates, and market competition. You can save much more in liver cancer treatment compared to other countries in Türkiye. When you purchase liver cancer treatment all-inclusive package with Healthy Türkiye, our healthcare team will present a list of hotels for you to choose from. In liver cancer treatment travel, you will have the price of your stay included in the all-inclusive package cost.
In Türkiye, when you purchase liver cancer treatment all-inclusive packages through Healthy Türkiye, you will always receive VIP transfers. These are provided by Healthy Türkiye, which has contracted with highly qualified hospitals for liver cancer treatment in Türkiye. The Healthy Türkiye teams will organize everything about liver cancer treatment for you and have you picked up from the airport and safely brought to your accommodation. Once settled in the hotel, you will be transferred to and from the clinic or hospital for liver cancer treatment. After your liver cancer treatment has been successfully completed, the transfer team will return you to the airport in time for your flight home. In Türkiye, all packages of liver cancer treatment can be arranged upon request, which relaxes the minds of our patients. You can reach out Healthy Türkiye for everything you need to know about liver cancer treatment in Türkiye.
Frequently Asked Questions
All liver cancers are difficult to treat. Primary liver cancer can rarely be detected early when it is most treatable. Secondary or metastatic liver cancer is difficult to treat because it has already spread. The complex network of blood vessels and bile ducts of the liver complicates the operation.
Liver transplantation has proven to be the most effective treatment for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, a most effective type of liver cancer. If a patient has liver disease, such as cirrhosis, a liver transplant can further reduce the risk of relapse following treatment.
The cycles are mostly 2 or 3 weeks long. The schedule varies depending on the drugs used. For example, chemotherapy with some drugs is prescribed only on the first day of the cycle. Along with others, it is given several days in a row or once a week.
In most cases, chemotherapy is not a cure for liver cancer. Since conventional chemotherapy is not effective in treating liver cancer, doctors sometimes recommend a different form of chemotherapy called hepatic artery infusion.
Treatment options may include embolization, ablation, or both for liver tumors. Other treatment options may include targeted therapy, immunotherapy, chemotherapy (with systemic or hepatic artery infusion), and/or radiation therapy.
Like any type of procedure, liver cancer surgery has some risks. These risks can vary from procedure to procedure, with less complex and less invasive procedures tending to have lower complication rates. The risks may also vary from person to person, as the patient’s age, weight, cardiovascular health, blood pressure, and other similar factors may affect the outcome of the operation.
It would probably be a good idea to get started as soon as possible. The sooner you can take action, the more options you will have. But still, this decision belongs to you.
Surgery is a widely practiced treatment for liver cancer, but it is not the only one. Sometimes surgery may be the best action, but in other cases, chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be more appropriate. You can ask your specialist surgeons at Healthy Türkiye to evaluate all your options.
Abdominal swelling (ascites) or bloating in the abdomen that might develops as a mass. Enlarged liver (hepatomegaly) may feel as a mass under the ribs on the right side.