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About Metastatic Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
Metastatic cancer treatment in Türkiye is performed reliably by specialist surgeons in most hospitals. Metastatic cancer, also called stage 4, is the process by which cancer types spread to other parts of the body. However, metastatic cancer occurs in three different ways, growing directly in the tissue surrounding the tumor, traveling through the bloodstream to distant parts of the body, and passing through the lymph system to nearby or distant lymph nodes.
When cancer spreads to a new area, it’s still named the part of the body where it started. For instance, breast cancer that has spread to the lungs is called “metastatic breast cancer to the lungs”, it’s not lung cancer anymore. Treatment is also based on where cancer started. So, colon cancer that has spread to the liver is treated as metastatic colon cancer, not liver cancer.
In some cases, the metastatic tumors have already begun to grow when the cancer is first found. And sometimes, metastasis may be found before the primary tumor is found. If cancer has already spread to other areas of the body before it’s first diagnosed, it might be hard to figure out where it started.
The diagnosis of metastatic cancer involves a process that can vary according to the patient’s symptom status. As Healthy Türkiye, our specialist surgeons in metastatic cancer and all other diseases, are always with you to help you with early diagnosis and the fastest treatment.
Stage 4 Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
In Türkiye, the treatment of metastatic cancer is done differently by determining the rate of spread of each type of cancer and the region in which it is located. Hormones, determined drugs, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy methods are used in the treatment of metastatic cancer in Türkiye. But, the majority of deaths in the world(about 90%) associated with cancer are due to the metastasis of the original tumor cells to sites distant from the initial or primary tumor. Metastasis is the process by which cancer cells migrate throughout the body parts.
Exactly why cancer cells leave an initial area of growth and begin to move is not clear. Conditions inside a tumor can be very harsh due to the defective blood supply, there can be a lack of oxygen and nutrients and the buildup of waste can cause the area to become acidic. according to some studies, being explored is that death due to poor conditions or cancer treatments, like chemotherapy, can cause cancer cells to become active and cause them to migrate. Shortly, the triggering of cancer cell death can result in the cells trying to leave the area.
Healthy Türkiye understands how serious and demanding the process of cancer is and will not leave you alone in your metastasis cancer treatment in Türkiye. It considers all the details of your treatment for you in Türkiye’s specialist doctors and well-equipped hospitals.
Symptoms of Metastatic Cancer
The signs of metastatic cancer depend on the kind of cancer. In some cases, there are no symptoms at all, so it’s possible to have metastatic cancer and not know it. Mostly, cancer that reaches stage 4 affects not only the part of the body where it originated but the areas where it has spread as well. When cancer spreads to another area, it may cause depend on the spread area:
Spread to lungs:
Shortness of breath
Coughing up blood
Spread to the liver:
Abdominal swelling and fluid
Spread to bones:
Pain, especially severe back pain
Numbness in a leg
Loss of bowel or bladder control
Spread to brain:
Problems with speech or vision
Metastatic cancer also can cause more general symptoms, such as extreme fatigue and lack of energy. Some people become so tired and weak that they have trouble doing everyday things. They might even need help with getting dressed or other routine tasks.
How Cancer Spreads
When cancerous cells grow and divide, they can move from where they started to other areas of the body. There are 3 ways that cancer can spread.
Direct extension or invasion: It means the primary tumor grows into tissues or structures around it. For example, prostate cancer can spread into the bladder.
The lymphatic system spread: It means that cancer cells break away from the primary tumor and travel to another part of the body through the lymphatic system. A lymphatic system is a group of tissues and organs that make and store cells that fight infection and disease.
Bloodstream spread or hematogenous spread: It means that cancer cells break away from the primary tumor, enter the blood, and travel to a new place in the body.
The immune system generally attacks and destroys cancer cells that travel through the lymphatic system or blood. But sometimes cancerous cells survive and settle in another area of the body, where they form a new tumor. To survive and grow in the new place, the tumor must form its own blood supply, it’s called angiogenesis.
Where Cancer Spreads
Cancer can spread anywhere in the body. Several cancers tend to spread to one place more often than others. For example, breast cancer and prostate cancer spread to the bones most often and colorectal cancer tends to spread to the liver. Testicular cancer usually spreads to the lungs, and ovarian cancer generally spreads to the membrane that lines the abdomen.
Doctors might use various terms to describe if cancer has spread or how far it has spread.
Localized, means the cancer is only in the area where it started and has not spread to other parts of the body.
Regional means cancer has grown into surrounding tissues and organs or has spread to nearby lymph nodes.
Distant means the cancer is in an area of the body farther from where it started.
Doctors usually use the term metastatic cancer to describe cancer that has spread to distant organs or distant lymph nodes. The most common places for distant metastases are the bones, brain, liver, and lungs.
Diagnosis for Metastatic Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
There is no standard test for metastasis control, but some tests are performed by your specialist surgeon, depending on the type of cancer and the symptoms it has.
Blood Tests for Metastatic Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
A routine blood test will determine if liver enzymes are elevated. This result indicates liver metastasis. But in many cases, these blood test results are normal, even with advanced cancer.
Tumor Markers for Metastatic Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
Some types of cancer have tumor markers that can help monitor cancer after an agreed diagnosis. If the tumor marker level is high, the cancer is advanced. Examples of these markers; Carcinoembryonic antigen for colon cancer, CA-125 for ovarian cancer, prostate-specific antigen for prostate cancer, alpha-feto-protein and human chorionic gonadotropin testicular cancer.
Imaging for Metastatic Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
Many tests show the inside of the body. The tests performed depend on the symptoms and the type of cancer. Imaging tests may include:
Ultrasound: It is done to diagnose any tumor. In this way, the fluid in the abdomen can be detected and the difference between fluid-filled cysts and solid masses can be understood.
CT Scan: It is a commonly used test to detect abnormalities in the head, neck, chest, abdomen, and pelvis, and tumors in the lungs, liver, or lymph nodes.
MRI: It detects spinal cord injury or brain metastases using radio waves and magnets to view the inside of the body.
PET scan: It detects abnormalities in any part of the body with illuminating radioactive dyes.
If the test results are not satisfactory, a biopsy is performed for the suspected metastatic tumor.
Metastatic Cancer Treatment Process in Türkiye
Metastatic cancer is generally harder to treat than cancer that hasn’t spread. In most cases, the aim of treatment for metastatic cancer is to help a person live as long as possible and maintain their quality of life. Treatments control and slow the growth of metastases, but the metastases generally don’t go away completely.
Treatments that might be used for metastatic cancer include chemotherapy and other drug therapies, radiation therapy, surgery, and ablation therapy. Treatments offered for metastatic cancer are based on several things, including where the cancer started, your signs, the location and amount of metastases, the treatments used for the original cancer, the aim of treatment, your overall health, and what you prefer or want.
You will also be offered supportive therapies to be used in combination with treatments for stage 4 cancer. Supportive therapies treat the side effects of cancer treatments and signs of the disease, but they do not treat cancer itself. Supportive care helps manage or prevent problems caused by metastatic cancer. These therapies can also be called palliative care.
In Türkiye, metastasis is treated according to the region where the cancer first appeared. This is because the cancer cells are unchanged, just in a new location. In some cases, your surgeon may treat metastatic tumors in certain ways.
Bone Metastasis: If the bone tumor does not cause pain, the health status is monitored or drug treatment is started. If the pain or bone tissue is weakened, radiation therapy is started.
Brain Metastasis: Depending on the extent of the disease and the number of the tumor, surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, gamma knife surgery, or steroid treatment is applied.
Lung Metastasis: Treatment of metastatic tumors in the lung depends on the specific situation. In most cases, the place where cancer originated is treated with the same drug. If fluid builds up around the lungs, breathing is facilitated using thoracentesis.
Liver Metastasis: There are several options for treating a metastatic tumor of the liver. The appropriate treatment depends on the type of cancer and the number of tumors.
If cancer has not spread far, the surgeon may recommend surgery or radiofrequency ablation therapy, depending on the situation.
Living with Metastatic Cancer
When you live with cancer for many months or years, many people think of it as a chronic, or long-term, illness. Like someone with any chronic illness such as diabetes or heart problems, getting this ongoing medical care and treatment is crucial. This can also be called “extended treatment.” Be sure to follow your extended treatment plan so it works as well as possible. It is also important to get the support you need for the physical, emotional, and social effects of living with metastatic cancer.
With the diagnosis of patients living with metastatic cancer, measures can be taken with a rapid treatment process. First of all, Healthy Türkiye’s surgeons and nurses in Türkiye will support you both medically and psychologically in these difficult stages.
During the treatment of metastatic cancer, patients can spend time with their family and friend without making strenuous movements under the control of the surgeon, depending on the symptoms and the rate of spread of cancer to the body. You can get through the slowly progressing treatment process without any question marks in your mind after detailed discussions with the experts.
2023 Cost of Metastatic Cancer Treatment in Türkiye
All types of surgical and non-surgical medical attention are very affordable in Türkiye. Many factors are also included in determining the cost of metastatic cancer treatment in Türkiye. Your process with Healthy Türkiye will last from the time you decide to have stage 4 cancer in Türkiye until the time you are fully recovered even if you are back home. The exact metastatic cancer treatment procedure cost in Türkiye depends on the type of operation involved.
The cost of metastatic cancer treatment in Türkiye does not demonstrate many variations in 2023. Compared to costs in developed countries like the United States or the UK, cancer treatment costs in Türkiye are relatively low. So, it’s no wonder patients from across the world visit Türkiye for metastatic cancer procedures. However, the price is not the only factor affecting choices. We suggest looking for hospitals that are safe and have stage 4 cancer treatment reviews on Google. When people decide to seek medical help for stage 4 cancer treatment, they will not only have had low-cost procedures in Türkiye, but also the safest and best treatment.
At clinics or hospitals contracted with Healthy Türkiye, patients will receive the best cancer treatment from specialist doctors in Türkiye at affordable rates. Healthy Türkiye teams to provide medical attention to metastatic cancer procedures and high-quality treatment to patients at a minimum cost. When you contact Healthy Türkiye assistants, you can get free information about the cost of metastatic cancer treatment in Türkiye and what this cost covers.
Why Is Metastatic Cancer Treatment Cheaper in Türkiye?
One of the main considerations before traveling abroad for metastatic cancer treatment is the cost-effectiveness of the whole process. Many patients think that when they add flight tickets and hotel expenses to their metastatic cancer treatment costs, it will become very expensive to travel, which is not true. Contrary to popular belief, round-trip flight tickets to Türkiye for metastatic cancer treatment can be booked very affordably.
In this case, assuming you are staying in Türkiye for your metastatic cancer treatment, your total travel expense of flight tickets and accommodation will only cost less than any other developed country, which is nothing compared to the amount that you are saving. The question “why is metastatic cancer treatment cheaper in Türkiye?” is so common between patients or people simply curious about getting their medical treatment in Türkiye. When it comes to metastatic cancer treatment prices in Türkiye, there are 3 factors that allow cheaper prices:
The currency exchange is favorable for whoever looking for metastatic cancer treatment has a euro, dollar, or pound;
The lower cost of living and cheaper overall medical expenses such as metastatic cancer treatment;
For metastatic cancer treatment, incentives are given by the Turkish Government to medical clinics working with international clients.
All these factors allow for cheaper metastatic cancer treatment prices, but let’s be clear, these prices are cheaper for people with strong currencies (as we said, euro, dollar, Canadian dollar, pound, etc).
Every year, thousands of patients from all over the world come to Türkiye to get metastatic cancer treatment. The success of the healthcare system has increased in recent years, especially for metastatic cancer treatment. It’s easy to find well-educated and English-speaking medical professionals in Türkiye for all kinds of medical treatment such as metastatic cancer treatment
Why Choose Türkiye for Metastatic Cancer Treatment?
Türkiye is a common choice among international patients seeking advanced metastatic cancer treatment. Türkiye’s health procedures are safe and effective operations with a high success rate like stage 4 cancer treatment. The increasing demand for high-quality metastatic cancer treatment at affordable prices has made Türkiye a popular medical travel destination. In Türkiye, metastatic cancer treatment is performed by highly experienced and trained doctors with the most advanced technology in the world. Stage 4 cancer treatment is done in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya, and other major cities. The reasons for choosing metastatic cancer treatment in Türkiye are as follows:
High-quality hospitals: Joint Commission International (JCI) accredited hospitals have dedicated metastatic cancer procedure units that are specially designed for patients. International and national strict protocols provide effective and successful stage 4 cancer treatment for patients in Türkiye.
Qualified experts: The expert teams include nurses and specialist doctors, together to carry out metastatic cancer treatment according to the patient’s needs. All the included doctors are highly experienced in performing metastatic cancer treatment.
Affordable price: The cost of metastatic cancer treatment in Türkiye is affordable compared to Europe, the USA, the UK, Singapore, Australia, etc.
The high success rate: Highly experienced specialists, the best available technology, and stringently followed safety guidelines for post-operative care of the patient, resulting in a high success rate for stage 4 cancer treatment in Türkiye.
Metastatic Cancer for All-Inclusive Package in Türkiye
Healthy Türkiye offers all-inclusive packages for metastatic cancer treatment in Türkiye at much lower prices. Extremely professional and experienced doctors and technicians carry out high-quality metastatic cancer treatment. The cost of stage 4 cancer treatment in European countries can be quite expensive, especially in the UK. Healthy Türkiye provides cheap all-inclusive packages for a long and short stay of metastatic cancer treatment in Türkiye. Because of many factors, we can provide you with many opportunities for your metastatic cancer treatment in Türkiye.
The price of metastatic cancer treatment differs from other countries due to medical fees, staff labor prices, exchange rates, and market competition. You can save much more in metastatic cancer treatment compared to other countries in Türkiye. When you purchase a cancer treatment all-inclusive package with Healthy Türkiye our healthcare team will present hotels for you to choose from. In stage 4 cancer treatment travel, you will have the price of your stay included in the all-inclusive package cost.
In Türkiye, when you purchase metastatic cancer treatment all-inclusive packages through Healthy Türkiye, you will always receive VIP transfers. These are provided by Healthy Türkiye, which is contracted with highly qualified hospitals. Healthy Türkiye teams will organize everything about treatment for you and have you picked up from the airport and safely brought to your accommodation.
Once settled in the hotel, you will be transferred to and from the clinic or hospital for a metastatic cancer procedure. After your metastatic cancer treatment has been successfully completed, the transfer team will return you to the airport in time for your flight home. In Türkiye, all packages of stage 4 cancer treatment can be arranged upon request, which relaxes the minds of our patients. You can reach out Healthy Türkiye for everything you need to know about metastatic cancer treatment in Türkiye.
Frequently Asked Questions
When metastatic cancer begins to spread to the bone, fractures and pain occur, when it spreads to the brain, headaches, seizures or dizziness, shortness of breath when it spreads to the lungs, and jaundice or swelling in the abdomen when it spreads to the liver.
Cancer cells in metastasis leave the place where they first formed and pass through the blood or lymph system to form new tumors in other parts of the body. In this way, cancer spreads to every part of the body but usually collects in the bone, liver, or lungs.
Metastatic cancer occurs when the tumor spreads from the organ where it started to an unrelated part of the body and is always considered stage 4.
The life expectancy of a patient with diffuse metastases or metastases to the lymph nodes is less than six weeks. A patient with brain metastases has a more variable life expectancy of one to sixteen months, depending on the number and location of the lesions and the characteristics of the treatment. It is possible to live with certain types of cancer for months or years, even after the metastatic disease has developed.
The main tests are blood tests to see if it has spread to the liver or bones, bone scans to find out if it has spread to the bone, and X-rays and CT scans to check for spread to the chest, abdomen, and liver.
MRI and PET-CT scan of the whole body is applied to find skeletal metastases
In some cases, metastatic cancer can be cured. But for most metastatic cancers, treatment isn’t positive, but it can slow its growth and reduce symptoms.
Staging varies with the type of cancer. The term stage 5 isn’t used with most types of cancer. Most advanced cancers are grouped into stage 4.
In the past, many people did not live long with metastatic cancer. Even with today’s better treatments, recovery is not always possible, but doctors can often treat cancer even if they cannot cure it. A well-quality of life is possible for months or even years.
Chemotherapy does not cure metastatic colorectal cancer, but it can improve symptoms and prolong life.
Most malignant tumors that metastasize do so within five years after the primary tumor has been detected.
Nowadays, doctors have four different tools that we can attack cancer surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and immuno-oncology drugs